Ruby on Rails | Setup MS-SQL server in Ubuntu 17.04

MSSQL Server Installation

Follow these instructions

Note: During installation it will ask you for password, put a strong password remember it or note it down.

Reset Server Admin(SA) password

If you, unfortunately, forgot the SA password then you can reset follow the commands

$ sudo systemctl stop mssql-server
$ sudo /opt/mssql/bin/mssql-conf setup


If you wish to test if Server is installed and ready to receive requests

sqlcmd -S localhost -U sa -P your_strong_password

Install FreeTDS binaries

$ apt-get wget
$ apt-get install build-essential
$ apt-get install libc6-dev

$ wget
$ tar -xzf freetds-1.00.21.tar.gz
$ cd freetds-1.00.21
$ ./configure --prefix=/usr/local --with-tdsver=7.3
$ make
$ make install

Install required gems

# SQL Server (2012 or higher required)
# Install the adapters and driver
#   gem install tiny_tds
#   gem install activerecord-sqlserver-adapter
# Ensure the activerecord adapter and db driver gems are defined in your Gemfile
#   gem 'tiny_tds'
#   gem 'activerecord-sqlserver-adapter'

If still, you cannot install the gem tiny_tds then try using sudo
$ sudo gem install tiny_tds -v '2.0.0'

Importing from Remote to Localhost db

Exporting from remote

bcp my_table_name out ~/my_table_name.txt -S -U yourusername -P 'YourStrongPassword123!!' -d mydbname -c -t ','


Import to Local

bcp my_table_name in ~/my_table_name.txt -S localhost -U sa -P 'PrashantBhusal1' -d my_local_db_name -c -t ',' -q

**Output When Successful**

Starting copy...

5 rows copied.
Network packet size (bytes): 4096
Clock Time (ms.) Total : 16 Average : (312.5 rows per sec.)

Useful links

Could not install Ruby 2.3.4 in Ubuntu 17.04 using RVM

I could not install Ruby 2.3.4 which I needed because Heroku does not support latest stable release like 2.4.0.  So my Gemfile has locked the version 2.3.4. Till now I have been manually commenting out that particular line from the Gemfile and skipping the change from Git-Commits.


I found a hack

  • install ruby 2.3 from apt-get
sudo apt-get install ruby2.3 ruby2.3-dev
  • find location of the ruby installed
which ruby2.3
# => /usr/bin/ruby2.3
  • Mount the ruby to RVM
rvm mount /usr/bin/ruby2.3 -n ruby-2.3.3

rvm list                                

rvm rubies

 * ext-ruby-2.3.3 [ x86_64 ]
   ruby-1.8.7-p371 [ x86_64 ]
   ruby-1.9.3-p551 [ x86_64 ]
=> ruby-2.4.0 [ x86_64 ]

A better option

Install Ruby from archived link

rvm mount -r

Rails using Bootstrap templates in vendor

If you are considering using templates which you copied to vendor directory then things you need to keep in mind:-

  • Move all assets like Images, sounds, Fonts but not js or css to vendor/assets/ like
    • vendor/assets/fonts
  • Add this line in assets.rb
    • Rails.application.config.assets.precompile << /\.(?:svg|eot|woff|ttf)\z/
  • Make sure you are using `rails_12factor` gem in production
  • use image-url and font-url helpers
  • in scss files in @imports rule you do not use .css at last of the filename. It automatically calculates.
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GNU Nano editor adjust comment literal for PHP / C / C++

If you are a UNIX lover and fan of Nano text editor then while writing C / C++ code, you would like to put comments using Short-Cut key i.e. Alt+3. But the problem is, Nano puts the char # as comment literal instead of //. This happened because the default literal is # unless it is defined in configurations.

How to fix?

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Display line numbers in GNU Nano text editor

These days developers go for heavy text-editors and IDEs like InteliJ, PyCharm, RubyMine, Sublime Text with much more extensions, Vim, Emacs, etc. However, in case of the later two they are not memory and processor heavy however they have very steep learning curves.

On the other hand, GNU Nano come as a life saver. It requires a few MB of RAM(say 3-4 MB) and uses very less CPU resource. Nano is a much powerful tool with much more features.

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